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IAS Coaching Institute of Political Science
WHY POLITICAL SCIENCE IS THE BEST OPTIONAL ?
All the candidates are having books, all the candidates are dedicated to work and most of them attend coaching institutions, take guidance from seniors and friends but what makes one success and another failure. Students say they studied for 18 hours and still they couldn’t qualify the examination. Others say they studied only for 8-9 hours and qualify the examination. Why these differences? It is due to lack of proper strategy and guidance otherwise talent of all the students are more or less same.
One who is able to qualify the exam never counts the hours and how many books he/she has read. But they know what to read, what not to read, how much to read, how to use when required writing the answers. Civil Services exam never wants one to be ideal. It requires creativity, innovativeness and dynamism within the candidates, who lack to use his/her knowledge properly they feel tough to clear the exam. Before starting the preparation find out properly what to read, what not to read, what types of question are asked from particular topics. After taking guidance from others put own strategy, better strategy makes one success in exam. While preparing for the examination yours best guide is the previous years question paper and syllabus.
POLITICAL SCIENCE : AN ANALYSIS
Since last few years political science has been emerging as a popular subject among the civil service aspirants. Notwithstanding, some questions are being asked by civil services aspirants
What should be the right approach Liberal or Marxist to answer the question?
Political science is not a scoring subject.
Syllabus of political science is very large.
What extent political science is helpful in general studies?
How to write answer?
As far as the first question is concerned it is expected from you to understand Marxism and Liberalism and present the same in the examination instead of being Liberalist or Marxist.
Any subject in itself is not scoring. It is the student who makes any subject scoring. If the same answer written by two or more students, one may get more marks than others due to systematic presentation and writing answer strictly according to question. If you present general view of the analytical questions then definitely you will not get good marks.
When students are preparing for examination, see the vast syllabus, they find themselves in confusing state. It is like throwing stone into the sea. That means syllabus is so vast if they sit for preparing simply without making any selection. One needs complete one year to read whole syllabus. By that time exams are on the head, candidates are not fully prepared in each topic and after reading the entire syllabus they are not in position to tackle any one question perfectly. Therefore, selective study is very important in civil service preparation. One should know what to study, what to be given more importance, what not to be studied etc.
Once studied whole syllabus completely, take some 3-4 previous year question papers and study the topics thoroughly. This help to decide on which topics frequently question are asked and on which topic analytical questions are coming, on which topic short questions are coming and so on. By going through previous year question paper one can understand what to study. If you analyse previous ten years of questions of political science then you can easily eliminate more than 50% of topics. This makes syllabus of political science smaller than any other subjects. At the same time there is certain topic in political science from where questions are frequently asked in the examination.
Besides, according to new pattern of Civil Services Examination Political science has emerged as the most popular subject. It helps in General Studies, Essay and interview more than any other subjects. Take syllabus of Political science and General Studies side by side you can deduce the following conclusions:
All the civil services aspirants will have to study at least 70% syllabus of political science.
Political science covers more than 50% syllabus of GS
Eight out of twelve topics of paper second (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society).
Complete paper third (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations).
Topics number 8, 17, 19 and 20 of paper fourth (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management).
Topic number 1 of paper fifth (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude).
Interview which covers mainly current national and international affairs is an integral part of political science.
HOW TO WRITE ANSWER?
The first and foremost aspect is to understand the nature of the question then form format of the answer in your mind finally write. Each successive stage of the answer should be interlinked with previous one. This arrangement might be haphazard in case you fail to understand the question. A question may be interlinked with several aspects,knowing one aspects of the topic and writing general views for another is not important, therefore, it is suggested to go through the various associated aspects of the topic while you have been preparing for the C.S. Examination at the same time you must develop writing skill.
RIGHT APPROACH TO WRITE ANSWERS
Most of the students follow the traditional style of writing answer, like introduction main body and conclusion but this is not appropriate in case of short notes. This type of question is an integrated whole and therefore, introduction and conclusion are not required, begin straight way what is asked. You may change paragraph for every new aspect, but the paragraph must be integrated whole instead of jumping. In case of long question a small introduction may be given as per nature of the question. In the question where emphasis is given on analysis or critical evaluation a good conclusion should be written. Conclusion constitutes an important part in the answer where you have to analyze or examine or critically examine.
CONTENTS OF THE ANSWER
Most of the students complain that I have written answer of all the questions but did not get good mark in the examination but they do not try to understand what they have written. It is quality of the answer which is important instead of content. It has been seen that to demonstrate knowledge students write answer which is not relevant to the question, for example if question is related to controversial aspects of centre state relation students try to write irrelevant articles whatever they know even if that is not required.
Language is one of the most important aspects of answer therefore, it is suggested to all the students to write simple small sentences so that everybody can understand. Do not use unconventional idioms and phrases. Do not use long and bombastic words. At last it is suggested to all the CS aspirants to develop writing skill in the examination environment. At the Destination we pay personal attention to all the students. We conduct classroom test regularly so that weakness of the students can be evaluated.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED FOR POL.SCIENCE
11th and 12th Class
J.C.Johari or C.B. Gaina
An introduction to political Theory
Western political Thinkers
R.M. Bhagat or J.P. Sood or P.D. Sharma
Indian Political system
B.L.Phadia or A.S.Narang
Indian political Thinker
V.P. Verma or Gauba
Contemporary political theory
Modern political theory
International Relation theory and practice
U.R.Ghai, V. K Maihotra
India s Foreign policy
U.R.Ghai, J.N Dikshit
Theoretical aspect of International Relation
The Strategic Analysis
Books Recommended for Essay and GS
Spectrum and Pariksha Manthan
Qualifying modern Indian Languages & English.
English Grammar : Wrein Martin
General Studies–I (Indian Heritage and Culture,History and Geography of the World and Society)
Indian Heritage and Culture: Book published from N.B.T, History: XI and XII NCERT + notes, Political Philosophies: Selected topics of political theory of Eddy Ashirvadam and J.C Johri + notes, Geography: VII to XII NCERT + notes
General Studies–II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Indian Polity: M. Laxmikant + Indian Government and politics : A.S Narang, International relations: Foreign policy of India – U.R Ghai and international relations of V.K Malhotra + notes
General Studies –III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Science and Technology of Spectrum, For other sections IGNOU material + notes
General Studies–IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Syllabus of this section is unstructured. It is related to political science, public Administration, philosophy and psychology. No single book is available in market which will cater your all requirement therefore, suggested to bank on our study material.